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From f3ed8bfe8a82af1870ddc8696ed4cc1d5aa6b441 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Rich Felker <dalias@aerifal.cx>
Date: Mon, 5 Aug 2019 18:41:47 -0400
Subject: fix x87 stack imbalance in corner cases of i386 math asm

commit 31c5fb80b9eae86f801be4f46025bc6532a554c5 introduced underflow
code paths for the i386 math asm, along with checks on the fpu status
word to skip the underflow-generation instructions if the underflow
flag was already raised. unfortunately, at least one such path, in
log1p, returned with 2 items on the x87 stack rather than just 1 item
for the return value. this is a violation of the ABI's calling
convention, and could cause subsequent floating point code to produce
NANs due to x87 stack overflow. if floating point results are used in
flow control, this can lead to runaway wrong code execution.

rather than reviewing each "underflow already raised" code path for
correctness, remove them all. they're likely slower than just
performing the underflow code unconditionally, and significantly more
complex.

all of this code should be ripped out and replaced by C source files
with inline asm. doing so would preclude this kind of error by having
the compiler perform all x87 stack register allocation and stack
manipulation, and would produce comparable or better code. however
such a change is a much larger project.
---
 src/math/i386/asin.s   | 10 ++--------
 src/math/i386/atan.s   |  7 ++-----
 src/math/i386/atan2.s  |  5 +----
 src/math/i386/atan2f.s |  5 +----
 src/math/i386/atanf.s  |  7 ++-----
 src/math/i386/exp.s    | 10 ++--------
 src/math/i386/log1p.s  |  7 ++-----
 src/math/i386/log1pf.s |  7 ++-----
 8 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/math/i386/asin.s b/src/math/i386/asin.s
index a9f691bf..920d967a 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/asin.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/asin.s
@@ -7,13 +7,10 @@ asinf:
 	cmp $0x01000000,%eax
 	jae 1f
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 2f
 	fld %st(0)
 	fmul %st(1)
 	fstps 4(%esp)
-2:	ret
+	ret
 
 .global asinl
 .type asinl,@function
@@ -30,11 +27,8 @@ asin:
 	cmp $0x00200000,%eax
 	jae 1f
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 2f
 	fsts 4(%esp)
-2:	ret
+	ret
 1:	fld %st(0)
 	fld1
 	fsub %st(0),%st(1)
diff --git a/src/math/i386/atan.s b/src/math/i386/atan.s
index d73137b2..a26feae1 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/atan.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/atan.s
@@ -10,8 +10,5 @@ atan:
 	fpatan
 	ret
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-1:	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 2f
-	fsts 4(%esp)
-2:	ret
+1:	fsts 4(%esp)
+	ret
diff --git a/src/math/i386/atan2.s b/src/math/i386/atan2.s
index a7d2979b..1fa0524d 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/atan2.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/atan2.s
@@ -10,8 +10,5 @@ atan2:
 	cmp $0x00200000,%eax
 	jae 1f
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 1f
 	fsts 4(%esp)
-1:	ret
+	ret
diff --git a/src/math/i386/atan2f.s b/src/math/i386/atan2f.s
index 14b88ce5..0b264726 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/atan2f.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/atan2f.s
@@ -10,10 +10,7 @@ atan2f:
 	cmp $0x01000000,%eax
 	jae 1f
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 1f
 	fld %st(0)
 	fmul %st(1)
 	fstps 4(%esp)
-1:	ret
+	ret
diff --git a/src/math/i386/atanf.s b/src/math/i386/atanf.s
index 8caddefa..893beac5 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/atanf.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/atanf.s
@@ -10,10 +10,7 @@ atanf:
 	fpatan
 	ret
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-1:	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 2f
-	fld %st(0)
+1:	fld %st(0)
 	fmul %st(1)
 	fstps 4(%esp)
-2:	ret
+	ret
diff --git a/src/math/i386/exp.s b/src/math/i386/exp.s
index c7aa5b6e..df87c497 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/exp.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/exp.s
@@ -7,13 +7,10 @@ expm1f:
 	cmp $0x01000000,%eax
 	jae 1f
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 2f
 	fld %st(0)
 	fmul %st(1)
 	fstps 4(%esp)
-2:	ret
+	ret
 
 .global expm1l
 .type expm1l,@function
@@ -30,11 +27,8 @@ expm1:
 	cmp $0x00200000,%eax
 	jae 1f
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 2f
 	fsts 4(%esp)
-2:	ret
+	ret
 1:	fldl2e
 	fmulp
 	mov $0xc2820000,%eax
diff --git a/src/math/i386/log1p.s b/src/math/i386/log1p.s
index 6b6929c7..354f391a 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/log1p.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/log1p.s
@@ -16,9 +16,6 @@ log1p:
 	fyl2x
 	ret
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-2:	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 1f
-	fsts 4(%esp)
+2:	fsts 4(%esp)
 	fstp %st(1)
-1:	ret
+	ret
diff --git a/src/math/i386/log1pf.s b/src/math/i386/log1pf.s
index c0bcd30f..4d3484cd 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/log1pf.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/log1pf.s
@@ -16,10 +16,7 @@ log1pf:
 	fyl2x
 	ret
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
-2:	fnstsw %ax
-	and $16,%ax
-	jnz 1f
-	fxch
+2:	fxch
 	fmul %st(1)
 	fstps 4(%esp)
-1:	ret
+	ret
-- 
cgit v1.2.1

From 6818c31c9bc4bbad5357f1de14bedf781e5b349e Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Rich Felker <dalias@aerifal.cx>
Date: Mon, 5 Aug 2019 19:57:07 -0400
Subject: fix build regression in i386 asm for atan2, atan2f

commit f3ed8bfe8a82af1870ddc8696ed4cc1d5aa6b441 inadvertently removed
labels that were still needed.
---
 src/math/i386/atan2.s  | 2 +-
 src/math/i386/atan2f.s | 2 +-
 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/math/i386/atan2.s b/src/math/i386/atan2.s
index 1fa0524d..76b95f31 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/atan2.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/atan2.s
@@ -11,4 +11,4 @@ atan2:
 	jae 1f
 		# subnormal x, return x with underflow
 	fsts 4(%esp)
-	ret
+1:	ret
diff --git a/src/math/i386/atan2f.s b/src/math/i386/atan2f.s
index 0b264726..c9408a90 100644
--- a/src/math/i386/atan2f.s
+++ b/src/math/i386/atan2f.s
@@ -13,4 +13,4 @@ atan2f:
 	fld %st(0)
 	fmul %st(1)
 	fstps 4(%esp)
-	ret
+1:	ret
-- 
cgit v1.2.1