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From cb91f4c43bd4158daa6561c73921a6455176f278 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
Date: Mon, 31 Jul 2017 15:17:56 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] gnttab: split maptrack lock to make it fulfill its purpose
 again

The way the lock is currently being used in get_maptrack_handle(), it
protects only the maptrack limit: The function acts on current's list
only, so races on list accesses are impossible even without the lock.

Otoh list access races are possible between __get_maptrack_handle() and
put_maptrack_handle(), due to the invocation of the former for other
than current from steal_maptrack_handle(). Introduce a per-vCPU lock
for list accesses to become race free again. This lock will be
uncontended except when it becomes necessary to take the steal path,
i.e. in the common case there should be no meaningful performance
impact.

When in get_maptrack_handle adds a stolen entry to a fresh, empty,
freelist, we think that there is probably no concurrency.  However,
this is not a fast path and adding the locking there makes the code
clearly correct.

Also, while we are here: the stolen maptrack_entry's tail pointer was
not properly set.  Set it.

This is XSA-228.

Reported-by: Ian Jackson <ian.jackson@eu.citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Ian Jackson <Ian.Jackson@eu.citrix.com>
---
 docs/misc/grant-tables.txt    |  7 ++++++-
 xen/common/grant_table.c      | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 xen/include/xen/grant_table.h |  2 +-
 xen/include/xen/sched.h       |  1 +
 4 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/misc/grant-tables.txt b/docs/misc/grant-tables.txt
index 417ce2d..64da5cf 100644
--- a/docs/misc/grant-tables.txt
+++ b/docs/misc/grant-tables.txt
@@ -87,7 +87,8 @@ is complete.
                                inconsistent grant table state such as current
                                version, partially initialized active table pages,
                                etc.
-  grant_table->maptrack_lock : spinlock used to protect the maptrack free list
+  grant_table->maptrack_lock : spinlock used to protect the maptrack limit
+  v->maptrack_freelist_lock  : spinlock used to protect the maptrack free list
   active_grant_entry->lock   : spinlock used to serialize modifications to
                                active entries
 
@@ -102,6 +103,10 @@ is complete.
  The maptrack free list is protected by its own spinlock. The maptrack
  lock may be locked while holding the grant table lock.
 
+ The maptrack_freelist_lock is an innermost lock.  It may be locked
+ while holding other locks, but no other locks may be acquired within
+ it.
+
  Active entries are obtained by calling active_entry_acquire(gt, ref).
  This function returns a pointer to the active entry after locking its
  spinlock. The caller must hold the grant table read lock before
diff --git a/xen/common/grant_table.c b/xen/common/grant_table.c
index f9654f1..593121c 100644
--- a/xen/common/grant_table.c
+++ b/xen/common/grant_table.c
@@ -304,11 +304,16 @@ __get_maptrack_handle(
 {
     unsigned int head, next, prev_head;
 
+    spin_lock(&v->maptrack_freelist_lock);
+
     do {
         /* No maptrack pages allocated for this VCPU yet? */
         head = read_atomic(&v->maptrack_head);
         if ( unlikely(head == MAPTRACK_TAIL) )
+        {
+            spin_unlock(&v->maptrack_freelist_lock);
             return -1;
+        }
 
         /*
          * Always keep one entry in the free list to make it easier to
@@ -316,12 +321,17 @@ __get_maptrack_handle(
          */
         next = read_atomic(&maptrack_entry(t, head).ref);
         if ( unlikely(next == MAPTRACK_TAIL) )
+        {
+            spin_unlock(&v->maptrack_freelist_lock);
             return -1;
+        }
 
         prev_head = head;
         head = cmpxchg(&v->maptrack_head, prev_head, next);
     } while ( head != prev_head );
 
+    spin_unlock(&v->maptrack_freelist_lock);
+
     return head;
 }
 
@@ -380,6 +390,8 @@ put_maptrack_handle(
     /* 2. Add entry to the tail of the list on the original VCPU. */
     v = currd->vcpu[maptrack_entry(t, handle).vcpu];
 
+    spin_lock(&v->maptrack_freelist_lock);
+
     cur_tail = read_atomic(&v->maptrack_tail);
     do {
         prev_tail = cur_tail;
@@ -388,6 +400,8 @@ put_maptrack_handle(
 
     /* 3. Update the old tail entry to point to the new entry. */
     write_atomic(&maptrack_entry(t, prev_tail).ref, handle);
+
+    spin_unlock(&v->maptrack_freelist_lock);
 }
 
 static inline int
@@ -411,10 +425,6 @@ get_maptrack_handle(
      */
     if ( nr_maptrack_frames(lgt) >= max_maptrack_frames )
     {
-        /*
-         * Can drop the lock since no other VCPU can be adding a new
-         * frame once they've run out.
-         */
         spin_unlock(&lgt->maptrack_lock);
 
         /*
@@ -426,8 +436,12 @@ get_maptrack_handle(
             handle = steal_maptrack_handle(lgt, curr);
             if ( handle == -1 )
                 return -1;
+            spin_lock(&curr->maptrack_freelist_lock);
+            maptrack_entry(lgt, handle).ref = MAPTRACK_TAIL;
             curr->maptrack_tail = handle;
-            write_atomic(&curr->maptrack_head, handle);
+            if ( curr->maptrack_head == MAPTRACK_TAIL )
+                write_atomic(&curr->maptrack_head, handle);
+            spin_unlock(&curr->maptrack_freelist_lock);
         }
         return steal_maptrack_handle(lgt, curr);
     }
@@ -460,12 +474,15 @@ get_maptrack_handle(
     smp_wmb();
     lgt->maptrack_limit += MAPTRACK_PER_PAGE;
 
+    spin_unlock(&lgt->maptrack_lock);
+    spin_lock(&curr->maptrack_freelist_lock);
+
     do {
         new_mt[i - 1].ref = read_atomic(&curr->maptrack_head);
         head = cmpxchg(&curr->maptrack_head, new_mt[i - 1].ref, handle + 1);
     } while ( head != new_mt[i - 1].ref );
 
-    spin_unlock(&lgt->maptrack_lock);
+    spin_unlock(&curr->maptrack_freelist_lock);
 
     return handle;
 }
@@ -3474,6 +3491,7 @@ grant_table_destroy(
 
 void grant_table_init_vcpu(struct vcpu *v)
 {
+    spin_lock_init(&v->maptrack_freelist_lock);
     v->maptrack_head = MAPTRACK_TAIL;
     v->maptrack_tail = MAPTRACK_TAIL;
 }
diff --git a/xen/include/xen/grant_table.h b/xen/include/xen/grant_table.h
index 4e77899..100f2b3 100644
--- a/xen/include/xen/grant_table.h
+++ b/xen/include/xen/grant_table.h
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ struct grant_table {
     /* Mapping tracking table per vcpu. */
     struct grant_mapping **maptrack;
     unsigned int          maptrack_limit;
-    /* Lock protecting the maptrack page list, head, and limit */
+    /* Lock protecting the maptrack limit */
     spinlock_t            maptrack_lock;
     /* The defined versions are 1 and 2.  Set to 0 if we don't know
        what version to use yet. */
diff --git a/xen/include/xen/sched.h b/xen/include/xen/sched.h
index 1fbda87..ff0f38f 100644
--- a/xen/include/xen/sched.h
+++ b/xen/include/xen/sched.h
@@ -223,6 +223,7 @@ struct vcpu
     int              controller_pause_count;
 
     /* Maptrack */
+    spinlock_t       maptrack_freelist_lock;
     unsigned int     maptrack_head;
     unsigned int     maptrack_tail;
 
-- 
2.1.4