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path: root/src/archive.c
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/* archive.c - Alpine Package Keeper (APK)
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Natanael Copa <n@tanael.org>
 * Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Timo Teräs <timo.teras@iki.fi>
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published
 * by the Free Software Foundation. See http://www.gnu.org/ for details.
 */

#include <stdio.h>

#include <err.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <utime.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sysexits.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/xattr.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#include "apk_defines.h"
#include "apk_print.h"
#include "apk_archive.h"

struct tar_header {
	/* ustar header, Posix 1003.1 */
	char name[100];     /*   0-99 */
	char mode[8];       /* 100-107 */
	char uid[8];        /* 108-115 */
	char gid[8];        /* 116-123 */
	char size[12];      /* 124-135 */
	char mtime[12];     /* 136-147 */
	char chksum[8];     /* 148-155 */
	char typeflag;      /* 156-156 */
	char linkname[100]; /* 157-256 */
	char magic[8];      /* 257-264 */
	char uname[32];     /* 265-296 */
	char gname[32];     /* 297-328 */
	char devmajor[8];   /* 329-336 */
	char devminor[8];   /* 337-344 */
	char prefix[155];   /* 345-499 */
	char padding[12];   /* 500-511 */
};

struct apk_tar_digest_info {
	char id[4];
	uint16_t nid;
	uint16_t size;
	unsigned char digest[];
};

#define GET_OCTAL(s)	get_octal(s, sizeof(s))
#define PUT_OCTAL(s,v)	put_octal(s, sizeof(s), v)

static int get_octal(char *s, size_t l)
{
	apk_blob_t b = APK_BLOB_PTR_LEN(s, l);
	return apk_blob_pull_uint(&b, 8);
}

static void put_octal(char *s, size_t l, size_t value)
{
	char *ptr = &s[l - 1];

	*(ptr--) = '\0';
	while (value != 0 && ptr >= s) {
		*(ptr--) = '0' + (value % 8);
		value /= 8;
	}
	while (ptr >= s)
		*(ptr--) = '0';
}

struct apk_tar_entry_istream {
	struct apk_istream is;
	struct apk_istream *tar_is;
	size_t bytes_left;
	EVP_MD_CTX mdctx;
	struct apk_checksum *csum;
	time_t mtime;
};

static void tar_entry_get_meta(void *stream, struct apk_file_meta *meta)
{
	struct apk_tar_entry_istream *teis =
		container_of(stream, struct apk_tar_entry_istream, is);
	*meta = (struct apk_file_meta) {
		.atime = teis->mtime,
		.mtime = teis->mtime,
	};
}

static ssize_t tar_entry_read(void *stream, void *ptr, size_t size)
{
	struct apk_tar_entry_istream *teis =
		container_of(stream, struct apk_tar_entry_istream, is);
	ssize_t r;

	if (size > teis->bytes_left)
		size = teis->bytes_left;
	if (size == 0)
		return 0;

	r = teis->tar_is->read(teis->tar_is, ptr, size);
	if (r <= 0) {
		/* If inner stream returned zero (end-of-stream), we
		 * are getting short read, because tar header indicated
		 * more was to be expected. */
		if (r == 0) return -ECONNABORTED;
		return r;
	}

	teis->bytes_left -= r;
	if (teis->csum == NULL)
		return r;

	EVP_DigestUpdate(&teis->mdctx, ptr, r);
	if (teis->bytes_left == 0) {
		teis->csum->type = EVP_MD_CTX_size(&teis->mdctx);
		EVP_DigestFinal_ex(&teis->mdctx, teis->csum->data, NULL);
	}
	return r;
}

static void tar_entry_close(void *stream)
{
}

static int blob_realloc(apk_blob_t *b, int newsize)
{
	char *tmp;
	if (b->len >= newsize) return 0;
	tmp = realloc(b->ptr, newsize);
	if (!tmp) return -ENOMEM;
	b->ptr = tmp;
	b->len = newsize;
	return 0;
}

static void handle_extended_header(struct apk_file_info *fi, apk_blob_t hdr)
{
	apk_blob_t name, value;

	while (1) {
		char *start = hdr.ptr;
		unsigned int len = apk_blob_pull_uint(&hdr, 10);
		apk_blob_pull_char(&hdr, ' ');
		if (!apk_blob_split(hdr, APK_BLOB_STR("="), &name, &hdr)) break;
		len -= hdr.ptr - start + 1;
		if (len < 0 || hdr.len < len) break;
		value = APK_BLOB_PTR_LEN(hdr.ptr, len);
		hdr = APK_BLOB_PTR_LEN(hdr.ptr+len, hdr.len-len);
		apk_blob_pull_char(&hdr, '\n');
		if (APK_BLOB_IS_NULL(hdr)) break;
		value.ptr[value.len] = 0;

		if (apk_blob_compare(name, APK_BLOB_STR("path")) == 0) {
			fi->name = value.ptr;
		} else if (apk_blob_compare(name, APK_BLOB_STR("linkpath")) == 0) {
			fi->link_target = value.ptr;
		} else if (apk_blob_pull_blob_match(&name, APK_BLOB_STR("SCHILY.xattr."))) {
			name.ptr[name.len] = 0;
			*apk_xattr_array_add(&fi->xattrs) = (struct apk_xattr) {
				.name = name.ptr,
				.value = value,
			};
		} else if (apk_blob_pull_blob_match(&name, APK_BLOB_STR("APK-TOOLS.checksum."))) {
			int type = APK_CHECKSUM_NONE;
			if (apk_blob_compare(name, APK_BLOB_STR("SHA1")) == 0)
				type = APK_CHECKSUM_SHA1;
			else if (apk_blob_compare(name, APK_BLOB_STR("MD5")) == 0)
				type = APK_CHECKSUM_MD5;
			if (type > fi->csum.type) {
				fi->csum.type = type;
				apk_blob_pull_hexdump(&value, APK_BLOB_CSUM(fi->csum));
				if (APK_BLOB_IS_NULL(value)) fi->csum.type = APK_CHECKSUM_NONE;
			}
		}
	}
}

int apk_tar_parse(struct apk_istream *is, apk_archive_entry_parser parser,
		  void *ctx, int soft_checksums, struct apk_id_cache *idc)
{
	struct apk_file_info entry;
	struct apk_tar_entry_istream teis = {
		.is.get_meta = tar_entry_get_meta,
		.is.read = tar_entry_read,
		.is.close = tar_entry_close,
		.tar_is = is,
	};
	struct tar_header buf;
	struct apk_tar_digest_info *odi;
	unsigned long offset = 0;
	int end = 0, r;
	size_t toskip, paxlen = 0;
	apk_blob_t pax = APK_BLOB_NULL, longname = APK_BLOB_NULL;

	odi = (struct apk_tar_digest_info *) &buf.linkname[3];
	EVP_MD_CTX_init(&teis.mdctx);
	memset(&entry, 0, sizeof(entry));
	while ((r = is->read(is, &buf, 512)) == 512) {
		offset += 512;
		if (buf.name[0] == '\0') {
			if (end) break;
			end++;
			continue;
		}

		entry = (struct apk_file_info){
			.size  = GET_OCTAL(buf.size),
			.uid   = apk_resolve_uid(idc, buf.uname, GET_OCTAL(buf.uid)),
			.gid   = apk_resolve_gid(idc, buf.gname, GET_OCTAL(buf.gid)),
			.mode  = GET_OCTAL(buf.mode) & 07777,
			.mtime = GET_OCTAL(buf.mtime),
			.name  = entry.name ?: buf.name,
			.uname = buf.uname,
			.gname = buf.gname,
			.device = makedev(GET_OCTAL(buf.devmajor),
					  GET_OCTAL(buf.devminor)),
			.xattrs = entry.xattrs,
		};
		buf.mode[0] = 0; /* to nul terminate 100-byte buf.name */
		buf.magic[0] = 0; /* to nul terminate 100-byte buf.linkname */
		teis.csum = NULL;
		teis.mtime = entry.mtime;
		apk_xattr_array_resize(&entry.xattrs, 0);

		if (paxlen) {
			handle_extended_header(&entry, APK_BLOB_PTR_LEN(pax.ptr, paxlen));
			apk_fileinfo_hash_xattr(&entry);
		}

		switch (buf.typeflag) {
		case 'L': /* GNU long name extension */
			if (blob_realloc(&longname, entry.size+1)) goto err_nomem;
			entry.name = longname.ptr;
			is->read(is, entry.name, entry.size);
			entry.name[entry.size] = 0;
			offset += entry.size;
			entry.size = 0;
			break;
		case 'K': /* GNU long link target extension - ignored */
			break;
		case '0':
		case '7': /* regular file */
			if (entry.csum.type == APK_CHECKSUM_NONE) {
				if (memcmp(odi->id, "APK2", 4) == 0 &&
				    odi->size <= sizeof(entry.csum.data)) {
					entry.csum.type = odi->size;
					memcpy(entry.csum.data, odi->digest, odi->size);
				} else if (soft_checksums)
					teis.csum = &entry.csum;
			}
			entry.mode |= S_IFREG;
			break;
		case '1': /* hard link */
			entry.mode |= S_IFREG;
			if (!entry.link_target) entry.link_target = buf.linkname;
			break;
		case '2': /* symbolic link */
			entry.mode |= S_IFLNK;
			if (!entry.link_target) entry.link_target = buf.linkname;
			if (entry.csum.type == APK_CHECKSUM_NONE && soft_checksums) {
				EVP_Digest(buf.linkname, strlen(buf.linkname),
					   entry.csum.data, NULL,
					   apk_checksum_default(), NULL);
				entry.csum.type = APK_CHECKSUM_DEFAULT;
			}
			break;
		case '3': /* char device */
			entry.mode |= S_IFCHR;
			break;
		case '4': /* block device */
			entry.mode |= S_IFBLK;
			break;
		case '5': /* directory */
			entry.mode |= S_IFDIR;
			break;
		case 'g': /* global pax header */
			break;
		case 'x': /* file specific pax header */
			paxlen = entry.size;
			entry.size = 0;
			if (blob_realloc(&pax, (paxlen + 511) & -512)) goto err_nomem;
			is->read(is, pax.ptr, paxlen);
			offset += paxlen;
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}

		teis.bytes_left = entry.size;
		if (entry.mode & S_IFMT) {
			/* callback parser function */
			if (teis.csum != NULL)
				EVP_DigestInit_ex(&teis.mdctx,
						  apk_checksum_default(), NULL);

			r = parser(ctx, &entry, &teis.is);
			if (r != 0) goto err;

			entry.name = buf.name;
			paxlen = 0;
		}

		offset += entry.size - teis.bytes_left;
		toskip = teis.bytes_left;
		if ((offset + toskip) & 511)
			toskip += 512 - ((offset + toskip) & 511);
		offset += toskip;
		if (toskip != 0)
			is->read(is, NULL, toskip);
	}

	/* Read remaining end-of-archive records, to ensure we read all of
	 * the file. The underlying istream is likely doing checksumming. */
	if (r == 512) {
		while ((r = is->read(is, &buf, 512)) == 512) {
			if (buf.name[0] != 0) break;
		}
	}

	/* Check that there was no partial (or non-zero) record */
	if (r > 0) r = -EBADMSG;

err:
	EVP_MD_CTX_cleanup(&teis.mdctx);
	free(pax.ptr);
	free(longname.ptr);
	apk_fileinfo_free(&entry);
	return r;

err_nomem:
	r = -ENOMEM;
	goto err;
}

int apk_tar_write_entry(struct apk_ostream *os, const struct apk_file_info *ae,
			const char *data)
{
	struct tar_header buf;

	memset(&buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
	if (ae != NULL) {
		const unsigned char *src;
	        int chksum, i;

		if (S_ISREG(ae->mode))
			buf.typeflag = '0';
		else
			return -1;

		if (ae->name != NULL)
			strncpy(buf.name, ae->name, sizeof(buf.name));

		strncpy(buf.uname, ae->uname ?: "root", sizeof(buf.uname));
		strncpy(buf.gname, ae->gname ?: "root", sizeof(buf.gname));

		PUT_OCTAL(buf.size, ae->size);
		PUT_OCTAL(buf.uid, ae->uid);
		PUT_OCTAL(buf.gid, ae->gid);
		PUT_OCTAL(buf.mode, ae->mode & 07777);
		PUT_OCTAL(buf.mtime, ae->mtime ?: time(NULL));

		/* Checksum */
		strcpy(buf.magic, "ustar  ");
		memset(buf.chksum, ' ', sizeof(buf.chksum));
		src = (const unsigned char *) &buf;
		for (i = chksum = 0; i < sizeof(buf); i++)
			chksum += src[i];
	        put_octal(buf.chksum, sizeof(buf.chksum)-1, chksum);
	}

	if (os->write(os, &buf, sizeof(buf)) != sizeof(buf))
		return -1;

	if (ae == NULL) {
		/* End-of-archive is two empty headers */
		if (os->write(os, &buf, sizeof(buf)) != sizeof(buf))
			return -1;
	} else if (data != NULL) {
		if (os->write(os, data, ae->size) != ae->size)
			return -1;
		if (apk_tar_write_padding(os, ae) != 0)
			return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

int apk_tar_write_padding(struct apk_ostream *os, const struct apk_file_info *ae)
{
	static char padding[512];
	int pad;

	pad = 512 - (ae->size & 511);
	if (pad != 512 &&
	    os->write(os, padding, pad) != pad)
		return -1;

	return 0;
}

int apk_archive_entry_extract(int atfd, const struct apk_file_info *ae,
			      const char *suffix, struct apk_istream *is,
			      apk_progress_cb cb, void *cb_ctx)
{
	struct apk_xattr *xattr;
	char *fn = ae->name;
	int fd, r = -1, atflags = 0, ret = 0;

	if (suffix != NULL) {
		fn = alloca(PATH_MAX);
		snprintf(fn, PATH_MAX, "%s%s", ae->name, suffix);
	}

	if ((!S_ISDIR(ae->mode) && !S_ISREG(ae->mode)) ||
	    (ae->link_target != NULL)) {
		/* non-standard entries need to be deleted first */
		unlinkat(atfd, fn, 0);
	}

	switch (ae->mode & S_IFMT) {
	case S_IFDIR:
		r = mkdirat(atfd, fn, ae->mode & 07777);
		if (r < 0 && errno != EEXIST)
			ret = -errno;
		break;
	case S_IFREG:
		if (ae->link_target == NULL) {
			int flags = O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_CLOEXEC;

			fd = openat(atfd, fn, flags, ae->mode & 07777);
			if (fd < 0) {
				ret = -errno;
				break;
			}
			r = apk_istream_splice(is, fd, ae->size, cb, cb_ctx);
			if (r != ae->size) ret = r < 0 ? r : -ENOSPC;
			close(fd);
		} else {
			char *link_target = ae->link_target;
			if (suffix != NULL) {
				link_target = alloca(PATH_MAX);
				snprintf(link_target, PATH_MAX, "%s%s",
					 ae->link_target, suffix);
			}
			r = linkat(atfd, link_target, atfd, fn, 0);
			if (r < 0) ret = -errno;
		}
		break;
	case S_IFLNK:
		r = symlinkat(ae->link_target, atfd, fn);
		if (r < 0) ret = -errno;
		atflags |= AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW;
		break;
	case S_IFSOCK:
	case S_IFBLK:
	case S_IFCHR:
	case S_IFIFO:
		r = mknodat(atfd, fn, ae->mode & 07777, ae->device);
		if (r < 0) ret = -errno;
		break;
	}
	if (ret) {
		apk_error("Failed to create %s: %s", ae->name, strerror(-ret));
		return ret;
	}

	r = fchownat(atfd, fn, ae->uid, ae->gid, atflags);
	if (r < 0) {
		apk_error("Failed to set ownership on %s: %s",
			  fn, strerror(errno));
		if (!ret) ret = -errno;
	}

	/* chown resets suid bit so we need set it again */
	if (ae->mode & 07000) {
		r = fchmodat(atfd, fn, ae->mode & 07777, atflags);
		if (r < 0) {
			apk_error("Failed to set file permissions "
				  "on %s: %s",
				  fn, strerror(errno));
			if (!ret) ret = -errno;
		}
	}

	/* extract xattrs */
	if (!S_ISLNK(ae->mode) && ae->xattrs && ae->xattrs->num) {
		r = 0;
		fd = openat(atfd, fn, O_RDWR);
		if (fd >= 0) {
			foreach_array_item(xattr, ae->xattrs) {
				if (fsetxattr(fd, xattr->name, xattr->value.ptr, xattr->value.len, 0) < 0) {
					r = -errno;
					if (r != -ENOTSUP) break;
				}
			}
			close(fd);
		} else {
			r = -errno;
		}
		if (r) {
			if (r != -ENOTSUP)
				apk_error("Failed to set xattrs on %s: %s",
					  fn, strerror(-r));
			if (!ret) ret = r;
		}
	}

	if (!S_ISLNK(ae->mode)) {
		/* preserve modification time */
		struct timespec times[2];

		times[0].tv_sec  = times[1].tv_sec  = ae->mtime;
		times[0].tv_nsec = times[1].tv_nsec = 0;
		r = utimensat(atfd, fn, times, atflags);
		if (r < 0) {
			apk_error("Failed to preserve modification time on %s: %s",
				fn, strerror(errno));
			if (!ret || ret == -ENOTSUP) ret = -errno;
		}
	}

	return ret;
}